6th July, 16:30 - 18:30 BST - Oxford Martin School Lecture Theatre
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)

6A. Understanding and overcoming obstacles – when do NbS not deliver for people, biodiversity, or climate and why?

COP26 revealed a disconnect between strong support for NbS in the international policy and business communities on the one hand, and on-the-ground perception of risk by Indigenous Peoples and local communities on the other. This played a role in the loss of the term “nature-based solutions” from the Glasgow Climate Pact. However, ensuring that the scale-up of NbS does not fail or become misused is essential. In this session, we will draw on rich embedded case studies to explore the basis of this resistance to NbS locally and how to bridge the divide to ensure international support translates into local benefits. We will explore when, why, and how interventions badged as NbS fail and how those failures should be addressed, as well as the exploring the distributional impacts of NbS. Talks include insights from  REDD(+), and learnings from the application of the IUCN Global Standard. Discussions will move beyond ‘good’ versus ‘bad’ case studies, recognizing complexities and balancing multiple goals.


  • James Smith's photo

    James Smith

    Director, Natural Climate Solutions, World Business Council for Sustainable Development

    James is Director of Natural Climate Solutions (NCS) at the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) where his work focuses on helping companies on the responsible use of NCS carbon credits and the integration of natural climate solutions broadly into net zero strategies, with the goal of scaling investment in NCS for climate mitigation and adaptation. James holds a PhD in tropical ecology and has experience as a NCS project developer and impact investor. Prior to joining WBCSD, James worked for Mirova Natural Capital investing in diverse NbS projects, building upon experience developing avoided deforestation and forest restoration projects for Fauna & Flora International.

  • Forrest Fleishman's photo

    Forrest Fleishman

    Associate professor in the Department of Forest Resources at the University of Minnesota
    Learning from failures: Nature based solutions, colonial legacies, property rights, and political organizing, with evidence from India

    Forrest Fleischman is an associate professor of environmental policy in the Department of Forest Resources at the University of Minnesota. His research examines the interface of science, political advocacy, and administrative processes in the implementation of nature based solutions, and he has conducted research in India, Mexico, and the US. In the last few years his work has increasingly focused on developing a "social science of ecological restoration," mostly focused on the global south, while examining the mechanisms of environmental policy change, mostly focused on environmental justice issues in Minnesota.

  • William Anderegg's photo

    William Anderegg

    Associate Professor, School Of Biological Sciences, University of Utah
    Leveraging advances in global ecology to quantify permanence and additionality in forest nature-based climate solutions

    William Anderegg received his Ph.D. from Stanford University, was a NOAA Climate & Global Change Postdoctoral Fellow at Princeton University, and is now an Associate Professor at the University of Utah. His group studies how climate change affects forest ecosystems, including tree physiology, species interactions, carbon cycling, and biosphere-atmosphere feedbacks, and aims to provide cutting-edge science for nature-based climate solutions. His recent work involves estimating the climate risks to forest offset projects in the US and examining claims of additionality with satellite data.

  • Giulia Carbone's photo

    Giulia Carbone

    Director, Natural Climate Solutions Alliance, World Business Council for Sustainable Development
    Building the demand for high quality natural climate solutions

    Giulia Carbone is the Director of the Natural Climate Solutions Alliance, a platform supported by WBCSD and the WEF, bringing together public and private stakeholders to identify opportunities and barriers to investment into carbon credits in new, and existing markets, to increase financing for natural climate solutions. Between 2006 and 2021, Giulia served as Deputy Director of the Global Business and Biodiversity Programme at the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). During her tenure at IUCN, she headed projects in renewable energy, tourism, sport, agri-food, apparel, mining, infrastructure, and oil and gas sectors. Previously she spent 8 years at the UN Environment Programme.

  • Jean Robert Bwangoy's photo

    Jean Robert Bwangoy

    Project Director for the Mai Ndobe REDD+ project
    Developing NbS Projects for success: making REDD+ work on the ground for local communities

    Jean Robert Bwangoy was born in the Democratic Republic of the Congo near the black-water lake called Mai Ndombe, where his grandfather had been Chief of a local tribe. After studying agroforestry in Canada and the United States, he worked for the DRC’s forestry department on forest maps and deforestation analysis, before returning to his ancestors’ lands. Today Bwangoy runs the Mai Ndombe REDD+ Project, whose 300,000 hectares of protected forest includes his grandfather’s former tribal territory.

  • Anna Lehmann's photo

    Anna Lehmann

    Global Climate Policy Director, Wildlife Works
    Equitable participation of forest communities in climate finance: the Peoples Forests Partnership

    Anna holds an MSc in Agricultural Engineering from Göttingen University, Germany, and started her career as field economist alongside government funded forest conservation and rural development programs. Humbled by the knowledge and wisdom of farmers, indigenous and local communities around the world she pursues carbon markets as a means to drive investments into nature-based livelihoods and has been involved in the carbon markets since 2001. In 2019, she joined Wildlife Works as Global Climate Policy Director, where she works with Governments and corporates to develop Indigenous People and Local Community (IPLC) centred forest conservation and restoration projects. She holds a seat on the Executive Committee of the Peoples Forests Partnership.