5th July, 10:30am - 12:00pm BST - Natural History Museum (NHM) Lecture Theatre
Nature-based Solutions Initiative (NbSI) & World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

1. NbS: where are we now, where do we need to be?

We will acknowledge the achievements of recent times in raising the profile of nature in climate change and development policy, and highlight what has been achieved in many multilateral processes, not just in biodiversity and climate, but also in health and in the one-health agenda. We will clarify the current position of NbS in the three Rio conventions and the SDGs and will outline current criticisms and tensions which this conference will attempt to address, including greenwashing, disenfranchisement of local people, the commodification of nature, power dynamics in NbS narratives, finance, and how NbS are defined and implemented. We will dissect what happened at COP26, the G7 and what needs to happen by COP27, including why it matters to have NbS in the COP27 decision text and how we might get it there. The session might also discuss the consequences of NbS not appearing in the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.


  • Josephina Brana's photo

    Josephina Brana

    Vice President and Deputy Lead, Forests at World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

    Josefina Braña Varela serves as vice president and deputy lead of the forest team at World Wildlife Fund (WWF). In this capacity, she manages and supports efforts to halt deforestation and forest degradation in critical geographies. In addition, Josefina is point on Forest Climate Solutions for the organization, overseeing a multidisciplinary team's mission to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by ensuring our forests remain healthy and abundant.

  • Elizabeth Mrema's photo

    Elizabeth Mrema

    UN Assistant Secretary General & Executive Secretary, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
    The role of biodiversity and ecosystem services in achieving the objectives of the Rio Conventions

    For over two decades, Elizabeth Maruma Mrema has held various positions at UNEP, including Director of the Law Division, Deputy Director of the Ecosystems Division, Acting Director of the Corporate Services Division and Executive Secretary of the UNEP/CMS Secretariat. Her work at UNEP has focused on development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, including multilateral environmental agreements at national, regional and international levels.

  • Manuel Pulgar-Vidal's photo

    Manuel Pulgar-Vidal

    Global Leader of Climate & Energy, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
    What have we achieved so far for NbS: key challenges and opportunities

    Manuel Pulgar-Vidal is the Global Leader of Climate & Energy at WWF. He has 35 years of experience in environmental law and policy and served as Minister of the Environment of Peru (2011 to 2016) and President of the Twentieth Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - COP20 in 2014. He is chairman of the evaluation council of the French sovereign Green Bonds, a Global Ambassador for the Race to Zero and Race to Resilience initiatives and a member of the IUCN Global Standard Steering Committee. He has been recognized by the governments of France, Germany and Spain and by the Royal Scottish Geographical Society for his contribution to the Paris Agreement.

  • Vanessa Perez-Cirera's photo

    Vanessa Perez-Cirera

    Chief Economist at the World Resources Institute (WRI)
    NBS and Net Zero: how new economics thinking help us avoid the confusions and seize the opportunities

    Vanessa is an environmental economist with more than 25 years of experience working on the design and up-take of solutions on the intersect of environment, social development, and equity. Vanessa has worked in government, academia, and civil society. Since 2003, Vanessa worked for World Wildlife Fund (WWF) in senior management positions, the last one as Deputy Lead for the Global Climate and Energy Practice. Vanessa is WRI´s new Global Economics Center director.

  • Stewart Maginnis's photo

    Stewart Maginnis

    IUCN Deputy Director General Programme
    NbS in the Multilateral Policy Agenda

    Stewart Maginnis has worked in sustainable development and biodiversity conservation for 35 years. He has lived for extensive periods in Tanzania, Sudan, Ghana and Costa Rica, undertaking conservation fieldwork. He led the development and promotion of “forest landscape restoration” (FLR) – one of the first “purpose-built” Nature-based Solutions - to which over 60 countries have committed more than 210 million hectares under the Bonn Challenge. He and his team at IUCN have worked over the last 12 years on defining and promoting the concept of Nature-based Solutions and supporting its application to climate change, food & water security and disaster risk reduction. He is currently the Deputy Director General of IUCN with responsibility for the IUCN programme of work.

  • Andrea Ledward's photo

    Andrea Ledward

    International Biodiversity and Climate Director at the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)
    Finance for NBS: levers and impact

    Andrea is the International Biodiversity and Climate Director at the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Her responsibilities include driving a shift to a nature-positive world: reversing biodiversity loss, restoring ecosystems, tackling climate change and contributing to global poverty reduction. Prior to this she was the UK-focused Natural Environment Director at Defra. She has spent 20 years as a civil servant. During 8 years in the Department for International Development she led the Climate and Environment Department, managed the UK’s £3.87bn International Climate Finance portfolio and represented the UK on the Green Climate Fund Board.

  • Stephanie Roe's photo
    Co-chair - Q&A

    Stephanie Roe

    Global Climate Lead Scientist at WWF, Lead Author IPCC AR6 WGIII

    Dr. Stephanie Roe is the Global Climate Lead Scientist at WWF, working to advance the science, leadership and progress on climate mitigation and adaptation, the climate and nature nexus, and nature-based solutions. She is also a Lead Author of the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report on Climate Change Mitigation, and serves on the SBTi Scientific Advisory Group. Her research focuses on biosphere-atmosphere dynamics, climate mitigation, the role of land and nature in climate pathways, and the response of terrestrial ecosystems to climate change.