International Institute for Environment & Development (IIED) and Forest Peoples Programme (FPP)
4. Critical role of Indigenous People and local communities in delivering successful NbS
Just and equitable NbS are designed, implemented, managed, and monitored by or in partnership with Indigenous peoples and/or local communities (IPLCs) through a process that fully respects and champions local rights and knowledge, and generates local benefits. Evidence from science and practice have found these elements essential for the long-term effectiveness of NbS. However, there are serious concerns from IPLCs across the world that NbS is a top-down, externally-imposed concept that commodifies nature and brings serious risks to rights and livelihoods. In this session, we will explore the reasons for this, and address how to ensure that NbS are always driven by IPLCs or at least done in partnership with them with their active participation, including discussions around safeguards, governance models, and global standards, as well as what NbS means for different groups. We will consider the implications of tenure facility, rights and resources in NbS implementation, and how to take into account Forest-Carbon-Livelihoods and the social science of restoration networks. We will hear from community leaders from different regions, best-practice case studies, and from social scientists studying local impacts and governance of NbS.
Principal researcher and team leader (biodiversity), International Institute for Environment and Development
Dilys leads the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)’s work on biodiversity and conservation. Her work focuses on the human dimensions of conservation – including understanding and supporting the necessary conditions for effective community-based conservation. A strong element of her current work is on engaging local communities in tackling illegal wildlife trade and, more broadly, enhancing community voices in conservation policymaking and strategies for linking biodiversity conservation with poverty reduction and social justice. Dilys is also a Fellow of the UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
Co-chair & Speaker
Programme Coordinator, Forest Peoples ProgrammeOverview of why IPLCs have concerns about NbS
Helen works with the Forest Peoples Programme, a human rights organization that works to create political space for indigenous and forest peoples to secure their rights, control their lands and decide their own futures. Helen has worked for over 20 years providing policy advice to indigenous peoples and communities on conservation policy and practice, from the 2003 World Parks Congress in Durban onwards, and on the application of international human rights frameworks to defend local and national recognition of rights. She is particularly interested in supporting indigenous-led conservation initiatives based on secure tenure, in addition to rights-based approaches to other forms of biodiversity protection.
Head of the Bolivian delegation to the UNFCCC at COP26Concerns about NbS and possible alternative approaches
Diego Pacheco (PhD) is the Head of the Bolivian delegation to the UNFCCC. Previously he was Head of the Bolivian delegation to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). For the last decade, Mr. Pacheco has been a Principal Advisor to the Bolivian government, including to the Ministry of Planning and Development, the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and the Environment, the Ministry of Production and Microenterprises, Energy and Hydrocarbon, and Ministry of the Presidency. Since 2010, he is Rector of the University of the Cordillera, Bolivia.
Kichwa youth leader from PeruThe green heart resistance against false solutions based on nature that dispossess the Kichwa people of their territory
Leader of the Kichwa people of the Tupac Amaru native community, San Martín, Peru. She is the current leader of the Indigenous Federation of Kechua Chazuta Amazonas (FEPIKECHA) and former leader of the Coordinator for the Development of Indigenous Peoples of the San Martín region (CODEPISAM). She has brought the voice of Kichwa women and their territorial claims to spaces such as the Congress of the Republic of Peru, IACHR, OHCHR, COP26, among others. She is currently a fellow of the 16th edition of the Title of Expert in Indigenous Peoples, Human Rights and International Cooperation, of the Intercultural Indigenous University (UII) and the Carlos III University of Madrid. She promotes and practices the philosophy of life and struggle that herself calls “Green Heart Resistance”.
Communications Officer of TebtebbaIndigenous peoples’ perspectives on NbS - how, if and where should NbS be supported and under what conditions
Helen Magata is a Kadaclan indigenous woman from the Cordillera, Philippines. She is part of the Resilience Program of Tebtebba Foundation also known as the Indigenous Peoples' International Centre for Policy Research and Education. Helen has been part of the team involved in facilitating a scoping study around indigenous peoples' perspectives, contributions and leadership on Nature Based Solutions in the past year. She is currently part of the Indigenous peoples’ team that is tasked to work on lobbying for the recognition of indigenous peoples’ rights in climate finance, particularly the Green Climate Fund.
Director at Namfumu Conservation Trust in ZambiaWomen As Custodians of Indigenous Knowledge & Conservation of Forest Biodiversity
Musonda Kapena has a wealth of 20 years of local and international experience with forest communities promoting indigenous knowledge systems towards sustainable management of forest resources and environmental justice. She is the co-founder of the Namfumu Conservation Trust, an indigenous organization working in Zambia and around the world to champion the stewardship of indigenous people in sustainable environmental management. They help strengthen capacity in Strategic Management, Forestry and Natural Resource Management, Social and Environmental Safeguards. Musonda’s work in Zambia is inspired by her passion for indigenous knowledge systems in forest conservation & natural resources with an emphasis to how women are custodians and stewards of indigenous knowledge.
Program Leader at Farmer Seed Network in ChinaSupporting Indigenous People and Local communities for NBS in climate Changes: Farmer Seeds Network’s Exploration and Stories in China
Dr. Yiching Song, Founder of Farmer Seed Network (FSN in China), and Program leader in UNEP-IEMP. She obtained her Ph.D in Wageningen University, has been a senior researcher in the Chinese Academy of Science since 2000, and joined the UNEP-IEMP as program leader since 2016. Her expertise focus on biodiversity, sustainable livelihood, integrating community & ecosystem-based climate change adaptations for natural based solutions, working in Climate changes actions and policies in China and other developing countries. Her main research methodology is participatory action research and policy analysis with bio-culture and multi-disciplines complex system from community to global levels.
Dismas Partalala Meitaya
Representative of the Ujamaa Community Resource Team in TanzaniaYaeda Valley and Lake Eyasi: a success story for community and conservation, a case study of indigenous communities in Northern Tanzania
Dismas Partalala is one of the founding members of the Ujamaa Community Resource Team (UCRT), an organisation supporting indigenous communities in northern Tanzania to sustainably manage and benefit from land and natural resources on which their livelihoods depend. His work is dedicated to strengthening indigenous people's rights, particularly the Hadzabe hunter-gatherers, which has resulted in significant gains for their land and the entire northern Tanzania ecosystem. His vision is for a connected and healthy landscape that supports the resilience of indigenous people, livestock, and wildlife.
Speaker: Wrap up
Professor of Human Ecology at Rutgers UniversitySafeguarding the rights of IPLCs in NbS: IPBES
Pamela McElwee is Professor of Human Ecology at the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences at Rutgers University. She has served as a lead author for the IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land and is a co-chair of the upcoming IPBES “nexus” assessment on the interlinkages between biodiversity, water, food, climate and health. She is also co-lead of the Thematic Group on Cultural Practices and Ecosystem Management for the Commission on Ecosystem Management, IUCN.
Speaker: Wrap up
Global Director of the NbS Programme at IUCNSafeguarding the rights of IPLCs in NbS: IUCN Global Standard
Stewart Maginnis has worked in sustainable development and biodiversity conservation for 35 years. He has lived for extensive periods in Tanzania, Sudan, Ghana and Costa Rica, undertaking conservation fieldwork. He led the development and promotion of “forest landscape restoration” (FLR) – one of the first “purpose-built” Nature-based Solutions - to which over 60 countries have committed more than 210 million hectares under the Bonn Challenge. He and his team at IUCN have worked over the last 12 years on defining and promoting the concept of Nature-based Solutions and supporting its application to climate change, food & water security and disaster risk reduction. He is currently the Deputy Director General of IUCN with responsibility for the IUCN programme of work.